China’s government is failing to crack down on conversion therapy, a uncertain and abusive practice that aims to forcibly turn homosexual people straight, Human Rights Watch said in a report released this week.
Seventeen people interviewed by Human Rights Watch said they had been subjected to electroshocks, confined against their will and had medication forced on them. Most of those people endured the treatment at hospitals overseen by China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission, the top healthcare regulator in the country.
“I was getting really close to the unguarded door, but before I could derive to the door, the two security guys caught up and got me,” one former patient named Luo Qing told Human Rights Watch, according to the report. “The next thing I know is that I was on the floor.”
The findings are particularly troubling given the tentative progress LGBT activists occupy won in the country on the issue of conversion therapy in recent years. This summer a homosexual man won a lawsuit against a psychiatric hospital that forcibly admitted him and subjected him to conversion therapy, making international headlines. A city court ordered the hospital to print an apology in local newspapers and awarded him 5,000 RMB ($753).
In a 2014, Yanzi Peng, a homosexual rights activist, sued a conversion therapy clinic that had subjected him to electroshock therapy. In its decision siding with Peng, the court stated homosexuality should not be considered a mental disorder.
“The assertion that homosexuality is not a disease, to my intellect it’s a major victory,” Peng told BuzzFeed News in an interview approximately his case final year.
But Peng also famous that he wasn’t certain whether the clinic that treated him had even been shut down. Authorities in China occupy failed in monitoring medical facilities to ensure conversion therapy is not taking position and in issuing explicit prohibitions of the practice, Human Rights Watch found. The court rulings, the organization said, occupy not deterred the practice of conversion therapy.
Five of the former patients interviewed for the report were shown images or given descriptions of homosexual acts and then shocked at the same time in an effort to try to derive them to associate homosexuality with pain.
China decriminalized homosexuaity in 2001, and conversion therapy is illegal in the country based on its mental health law, though there is no statute that bans discrimination against LGBT people.
But homosexuality is still a major taboo in the country, where many families remain deeply conservative. Young LGBT people can face intense pressure and scrutiny from their families, and many of those interviewed in the report said they were pushed into conversion therapy by their own parents.